Bed bugs are insects that range in size from 0.125 inches to 0.25 inches. Many are active at night and feed off warm-blooded mammals such as humans and animals. The bite of bed bug is not painful, but can irritate the skin and cause itching. Treatments for their bites include steroid creams or oral antihistamines to reduce itching and swelling. However, a number of bites have the potential to cause systemic poisoning.
The presence of bed bugs has had a resurgence in the past decade in developed countries such as North America, Europe, and Australia due to international travel, immigration, changes in pest control practices, and insecticide resistance. They are most common in unsanitary environments, but can also be found in sanitary locations because they latch onto clothing or luggage. They are prominently found in places with high turnover rates such as hotels, cruises, homes, homeless shelters, and older apartments. They generally hide in small crevices in the wall, in mattresses, and in furniture.
Methods on getting rid of them include frequently vacuuming the home, washing clothes in hot water at approximately 120 degrees Fahrenheit, and drying clothes at high temperatures. It is important to frequently wash bed sheets and clothes often because they lay up to five eggs daily. When they are found along seams of mattresses, it is suggested to throw the mattress away because complete eradication of bed bugs and eggs may be impossible.
Learning how to kill these bugs is important because infestation can go unnoticed, making it even more difficult to get rid of them. Aerosol insecticides, low-odor sprays, and dust formulations are the best options for how to get rid of bed bugs at home. Dust formulations are more effective than aerosol insecticides because they are lighter and can reach hard to reach areas. Residual time on dust formulations is longer than aerosol insecticides, which causes other bed bugs that come in contact with the residue to die. When getting rid of these buggers becomes difficult or infestation occurs, contact a professional exterminator to apply professional treatment and eliminate them permanently.